the forests, especially in the case of oustees from M.P. who may not want to resettle in Gujarat, and would rather choose land close to their original villages.
Waterlogging Around Reservoir
Summary: The SSP reservoir could cause waterlogging, especially in the plains area of Madhya Pradesh, which will be sandwiched between the reservoir and the Narmada Sugar canals. Studies on this seem to be absent.
The SSP reservoir could cause waterlogging in surrounding areas. This is a distinct possibility in the plains of Nimar (Madhya Pradesh), especially because the area has predominantly black soils, which are extremely prone to waterlogging due to their high water retention ability. Such an eventuality is heightened by the fact that a considerable amount of land in M.P. will be sandwiched between the reservoir and the canals of the Narmada Sagar Project (NSP). The Indian Institute of Science has already projected that the NSP command area is heavily prone to waterlogging (Sridharan and Vedula 1985).
This potential problem has so far merited only a brief paragraph in the SSP's indicative EIA (MSU 1983). Without going into any detail, the report comes to the mysterious conclusion that the problem may not be expected to arise. In the absence of more information, it is not possible to give further comments. There is, of course, no ameliorative action plan. A team member of the Independent Review, set up by the World Bank, told one of us that, according to the hydrologist appointed by them, the deposition of large particles of silt in the tail-end of the reservoir would cause increased flooding in the surrounding areas as the level of the river-bed would rise - this would not only increase the extent of submergence, but increase the tendency for waterlogging to occur. Such an eventuality should have been studied in advance.
Breeding of Vectors
Summary: The presence of the reservoir, as also of residual water pools and waterlogged lands in surrounding areas, could increase the incidence of diseases like malaria. Action plans to combat this still rely heavily on the use of pesticides, which are not only becoming less effective, but are becoming a serious health problem themselves.
Reservoirs in tropical latitudes have often resulted in an increase in water-borne and water-related diseases. Indeed, the term "engineer-made malaria" has been used in India as far back as 1938 (Russell 1938). The possibility of an increase in malaria around the SSP reservoir is very high. In earlier documents, this possibility was dismissed by the project authorities by the untenable statement that there will be no rise in malaria because in the summer the reservoir level will fall, stranding the larvae, while in the monsoons the reservoir