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SSP documents mention that the canal dewatering will only be for a month, but this is simply a bare assertion unsupported by any data).

Furthermore, the construction schedule of the SSP has been accelerated so that it is supposed to be completed within a period of 12 years (by 2000 A.D.) rather than the 17-22 originally envisaged (Patel 1991:76). This requires an expenditure of over Rs. 1200 crores every year for the next 8 years without accounting for drinking water supply. If the drinking water scheme is to be implemented, from where will the resources for an even higher yearly expenditure come?

The Gujarat and Central governments have completely different views on when the drinking water will reach the needy areas. While Gujarat claims the entire project is to be finished within the next 8 years, the Central Ministry of Water Resources says that drinking water will reach Kutch by the year 2025! The World Bank Review Mission Report (September 1992) also said that a realistic time-frame for drinking water to reach Kutch is the year 2025, and 2020 for Saurashta. The financial problems faced by the SSP, on the other hand, seem to indicate that drinking water from SSP may never reach these areas.

Another aspect of project cost that must be considered is energy. Supplying drinking water will need large pumping facilities due to the widely dispersed locations of the proposed beneficiaries, and topographical variation (especially for Sabarkantha district, the Kathiawar area in Saurashtra, and the areas west and north-west of Bhuj in Kachchh).

The energy required for such a large pumping capacity will not be negligible. It is not possible to obtain even an 'orders-of-magnitude' estimate of the energy demand without a detailed project plan, including geometry and sizing of system, and locations of end-points.



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