ANALYSIS OF SSP BENEFITS : HIGHLIGHTS
- Drinking water for 40 million people
- Irrigation to 1.8 million hectares
- 1450 MW power production
The Narmada river has 17% less water than assumed by project planners.
- No drinking water plan exists even today.
- Cost of supplying drinking water is "several thousand crores".
This cost has not been included in project costs.
- Urban areas are to receive 80% of the drinking water.
- Number of beneficiaries not based on any detailed study.
- Non-completion of upstream dams reduce SSP irrigation benefits by 17-30%.
- Canal efficiency is much lower than assumed: Water available for irrigation further reduced by 23.3%.
- Total irrigable area likely to be only 44-52% of the area claimed by project planners.
- Over half the area proposed for irrigation is susceptible to waterlogging and salinization.
- Irrigation benefits are likely to be monopolized by rich farmers in Central Gujarat to grow cash crops such as sugarcane.
- SSP will provide only 439 MW firm power in the initial stages.
Final firm power production is only 50 MW out of an installed
capacity of 1450 MW.
Non-completion of Narmada Sagar Dam upstream will reduce
power benefits by at least 28%.
- SSP will consume more power than it will produce for Gujarat.
- True cost of SSP is likely to be over Rs 20,000 crores and may rise to over Rs 25,000 crores
- Cost figures quoted by the Government list only the base cost of the project and ignore contigency costs
- All hopes for foreign bilateral funding for SSP have disappeared
- The SSP consumes 80 % of Gujarat's irrigation budget
- Only about 10 % of total project costs have been spent so far
- SSP spending is 53-63 % behind schedule
- The Government has no money to finance the SSP
- Benefits of the SSP have been substantially overestimated
- The SSP will not solve Gujarat's drought problem
- Kutch and Saurashtra will get minimal irrigation benefits from SSP.
No detailed plan to supply drinking water to Kutch and Saurashtra.
- A comprehensive review of the SSP is needed to determine the actual scope
for benefits and its financial viability.