SARDAR SAROVAR
THE MAHESHWAR DAM
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The following letter was sent to Ogden Energy with regard to its involvement in Maheshwar

March 27, 2000

Scott G. Mackin
President and CEO
Ogden Corporation
Two Pennsylvania Plaza
New York, NY 10121

Dear Mr. Mackin,

We, the undersigned organizations and individuals, urge Ogden Corporation to withdraw from the Maheshwar Dam in Madhya Pradesh, India.

The Maheshwar Dam would displace more than 35,000 farmers, wage laborers,fishers and crafts people in 61 villages and submerge about 1,100 hectares of rich agricultural land.Independent investigations both by the Tata Institute of Social Sciences and the German nongovernmental organization (NGO) Urgewald have found that resettlement planning for this project is totally inadequate and that no land is available to provide land-for-land resettlement as stipulated by the Narmada Tribunal Award, the Madhya Pradesh rehabilitation policy, and the statutory environmental clearance of the Ministry of Environment and Forests.

Meanwhile, the project continues to be plagued by financial problems.Electricity generated by the dam is projected to cost four to five times more than current electricity produced by Madhya Pradesh. The Madhya Pradesh Electricity Board, which is supposed to purchase power from the project, is on the verge of bankruptcy and is likely to default on its payments. Due to the project's serious financial risks and intense opposition from local people and Indian and international environmental and human rights groups, U.S. power utility PacifiCorp backed out of the project in 1998,and German utilities Bayernwerk and VEW Energie pulled out in April 1999.

The project is in clear violation of the conditions under which it received its environmental and techno-economic clearances from the central government. The conditional clearance given by the Environment Ministry on January 7, 1994 stipulated that all people affected by Maheshwar must be rehabilitated and resettled by 1997-1998.The clearance also stated that the Environment Ministry reserves the right to revoke the Environmental Clearance of the Project (under the Environment Protection Act 1986) in case of violation of the stipulated conditions.

The Madhya Pradesh government has admitted to the Supreme Court of India that it has no land to resettle people displaced by the Sardar Sarovar Project downstream of Maheshwar. People displaced by the Bargi and Tawa Dams are still fighting for resettlement 10 and 25 years, respectively, after the dams were completed. Based on the state's past performance,how and where will the Madhya Pradesh goverment resettle people displaced by the Maheshwar Dam?

The affected people, led by the Narmada Bachao Andolan which has campaigned for 15 years to stop dams on the Narmada River, are determined that they will never let the project be built. Over the last two years, thousands of farmers whose lives and livelihoods will be destroyed by the Maheshwar Dam have occupied the dam site nine times, barricaded all roads leading to the dam for three months, and held mass demonstrations and hunger strikes opposing the dam.

On February 24, 2000, several thousand people affected by the project began a peaceful protest near the dam site to demand that the Indian government stop construction and initiate a full review of alternatives. The protest continued for two weeks until the police arrested and assaulted over 350 protestors.

The undersigned organizations are determined to support and publicize the struggle of the villagers in the Narmada Valley. NGOs will not hesitate to inform the shareholders and other stakeholders of Ogden Corporation about the social, environmental, legal and financial risks of the Maheshwar project.We call upon your company to withdraw from Maheshwar and decline involvement in a project which is based on the destruction of local peoples' livelihoods.

We look forward to your response to our concerns.

Sincerely,

Patrick McCully
Campaigns Director
International Rivers Network


This letter has also been endorsed by the following institutions and individuals.


INSTITUTIONAL ENDORSEMENTS (124 organizations in 27 countries)

AUSTRALIA
Melanie Gillbank, AID/WATCH

BELGIUM
François Houtart, Centre Tricontinental, Louvain-la-Neuve

BOLIVIA
Rosa Maria Ruiz, Fundación Eco Bolivia

BRAZIL
GARRA - Grupo de Apoio e de Resistência Rural e Ambiental

CANADA
David Bleakney and Fred Furlong, Canadian Union of Postal Workers,National Office
Micki McCune, Canadian Union of Postal Workers, Vancouver Local
Dianne Murray, Dam-Reservoir Working Group, Ontario PIRG, Carleton University
Sheila and Floyd Howlett, Kawartha Ploughshares Peace Group
Will Braun, Mennonite Central Committee
Connie Meunier, Nova Scotia Union of Public Employees
Philip Cousins, People's Global Action

FINLAND
Kirsi Kuivalainen, The Swallows of Finland

FRANCE
Christine Estavoyer, Food First International Action Network
Gérard Leblond Valiergue, Ligne Blanche

GERMANY
Bernd Scheel, Action For World Solidarity
Dr. Sigrid Müller, AMID
Bernhard Henselmann, EarthLink - The People and Nature Network
Prof. Julian Bauer, ECOTERRA Intl.
Edgar Göll, Freundschaftsgesellschaft Berlin - Kuba
Dr. Michael Baumann and Martina Schaub, Germanwatch
Anja Osterhaus, Kairos Europa
Hans Branscheidt, Medico International
Dr. Hans-Christian Mittag, Naturschutzbund Deutschland (NABU)
Gesine Goetz, Pax Christi
Reinhard Behrend, Rainforest Rescue
Renate Domnick, Society for Threatened Peoples
Heffa Schuecking, Urgewald
Alex Flor, Watch Indonesia!

GUATEMALA
Carlos Albacete and Piedad Espinoza, Fundacion Tropicos Verde
Elmer Lopez, Greenpeace

INDIA
Saurabh Jain, Association for India's Development-Chennai Chapter
R. Ashok Kumar, Bombay Sarvodaya Mandal
Bharati Chaturvedi, Chintan Environmental Research and Action Group
Pallavi Phatak, Greenpeace-Chennai Chapter
Bansuri Taneja, Kalpavriksh
Vimal Bhai, National Alliance of People's Movements
Preeti Sampat, National Campaign for People's Right to Information
Sujit Patwardhan, PARISAR
Tariq Rehman, SAHYOG
Asmita Kabra, Samrakshan Trust
Himanshu Thakkar, South Asia Network on Dams, Rivers and People
J.Vaidyanathan, Tamilnadu United Nations Association
Abey George and Jyothi Krishnan, NILA - Society for Rural Development and Environmental Education

ITALY
Francesco Gesualdi, Centro Nuovo Modello di Sviluppo
Amalia Navoni and Ersilia Monti, Coordinamento Lombardo Nord/Sud del Mondo
Antonio Tricarico, Francesco Martone, Jaroslava Colajacomo, An Eye on SACE, Centro Internazionale Crocevia
Enzo, Ya Basta

JAPAN
David Howenstein, Jambo International Center

MALAYSIA
Antares (Kit Lee), Magick River

NEPAL
Chandra Mani Adhikari, International Society for Human Rights and Environmental Law
Lok Bahadur Basnet, Jhimruk Affected Relief Committee
Jai Krishna Goit, Koshi Concern Group
Narayan Prasad Paudel, Save Lumbini-Kapilvastu Campaign
Maya Chhetri, Vikalpa

NETHERLANDS
Nina Holland, A SEED Europe - Action for Solidarity, Equality,Environment and Development

NORWAY
Elisabeth F. Olsen, FIVAS-Association for International Water and Forest Studies

PAKISTAN
Naeem Iqbal and Zubair Faisal Abbasi, Pakistan Network of Rivers Dams and People
Ercelawn and Muhammad Nauman, CREED - Citizens Alliance in Reform forEfficient and Equitable Development

PHILIPPINES
Michael A. Bengwayan, Igorot Tribal Asistance Group

PORTUGAL
Antonio Lambe, Acção Ambiental para O Barlavento

RUSSIA
Anatoly Korolev, Baltic Resource and information Center
Vladimir Slivyak, ECODEFENSE! International
Alisa Nikoulina, Nuclear Campaign for the Socio-Ecological Union
Alexandra Koroleva, Public Council on Environmental Education of the Kaliningrad Regional Duma (parliament)
Galina Ragouzina, World Information Service on Energy

SCOTLAND
Ian Ramsey, MIR Project (Kosovo section)
Pablo Kala, Narmada UK

SENEGAL
Adrian Adams-Sow, Federation des Paysans Organisés duDepartement de Bakel

SOUTH AFRICA
Brian Ashley, Alternative Information & Development Centre
Nic Shaw, Drakensberg Wetland Project
Lisa Foale, Earthlife Africa Cape Town
Peter Willis, The Natural Step South Africa
Liane Greeff and Jessica Wilson, Environmental Monitoring Group
Lance Veotte, South African Municipal Workers Union

SPAIN
Marta Doval, Paula López, Antonio Tarela, Aurora González,Jose L.Díaz, Carlos Pais, Julio López, Alex Valle, Vicente López ,GONGh

SWITZERLAND
Thierry Pellet, Berne Declaration
J.R. Dietrich, Bruno-Manser-Fonds/Society for the Peoples of the Rainforest

UK
Adrian Arbib, Christian Aid
Helen Rainsford, FPCN
Camille Warren, Manchester Earth First
Imogen Bunting and S. Shergill, Narmada UK
Nick Hildyard, The Corner House

USA
Diane Farsetta, East Timor Action Network-Madison, Wisconsin
Dennis Schvejda, Sierra Club, New Jersey Chapter
Michaelann Bewsee, Arise for Social Justice
Nitish Agrawal, Asha, Princeton University
Shoba Subramanian, Association for India's Development-Pittsburgh, Carnegie Mellon University
Martin Alvarado, The Clarion
Jerre Ann Stallcup, Conservation Biology Institute
Dr. Mha Atma S Khalsa, Earth Action Network-Los Angeles
Bruce Rich, Environmental Defense
Dr. David W. Silver, MD, MPH, The Friendship Bridge
Dan Silver, Endangered Habitats League
Bradley Kennedy, Environmental Science Club of Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology
Megan Brown, Feminist Intercultural Revolutionary Encounter, Smith College
Basav Sen, Forum of Progressive Artists
Brent Blackwelder, Friends of the Earth
Paula Palmer, Global Response
Rita Grover, Grassroots Collaborative
Sharon Smith, Green Corps 2000
Richard Hayman, Hudson Valley Line and New York Rivers United
Hanumant Patil, Indians for Collective Action
Ned Bertz, International Alliance for People's Movements
Frank Streeter, Kapoho Palms
N.S. Kumar, Mahavishnu Seva Foundation
Alfredo Quarto, Mangrove Action Project
Keith Cotton, Metissage Selves Association
Melanie Johnson, The Minneapolis Feminist Collective
Greg Findley, Mukuni, Inc. - Wilderness Whitewater Expeditions
Laura-Hummingbird Frazier, The Natural Connection
Sandy Buffett, National Wildlife Federation
Jean Grossholtz, PACT - Diverse Women for Diversity, Mount Holyoke College
Virginia Ruth Schulman, PACT - People Allied for Community Transformation
Erik Jansson, Potomac River Association
Don Ogden, Sawmill River Watershed Alliance
Alejandro Queral, Sierra Club
Kate S. Middleton, Student Environmental Action Coalition, Xavier University
Martha Wickelhaus, Student Environmental Action Coalition, Pennsylvania State University
Amit Srivastava, Transnational Resource and Action Center/Corporate Watch
Michael Lauer, UFFDA, University of Wisconsin
Karen P. Barker, Unitarian Universalist Society of Laconia
Lora Clem, United Students Against Sweatshops




INDIVIDUAL ENDORSEMENTS (210 individuals in 15 countries)
(INSTITUTIONAL AFFILIATION GIVEN FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY)

AUSTRALIA
Susan Park, Faculty of Economics, University of Sydney
Melkote Prasad

CANADA
Roxann Bonellie, Canadian Union of Postal Workers
Pablo Shiladitya Bose, School of Communication, Simon Fraser University
Justin Podur, University of Toronto
Adam Thomlison, Friction Magazine
Jyotika Virdi, University of Windsor

ECUADOR
Nicholas B. Pearson

FINLAND
Jussi Backman

GERMANY
Dr. Edgar Goell, Institute for Futures Studies and Technology Assessment
Dietrich Pater
Gabriele Pater
Siegfried Pater

INDIA
T.A. Abinandanan, Department of Metallurgy, Indian Institute of Science
Keya Acharya, Freelance Environmental Journalist
Ashwinee Bhatt
Dr. Supratik Chakraborty, Association for India's Development
Dhiman Chatterjee, India Institute of Science
Naresh Dadhich, Inter University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics
Jayant Haritsa, Indian Institute of Science
Chanakya HN, Professor, ASTRA Department, Indian Institute of Science
Teena Jose
Ravi Kuchimanchi, Association for India's Development-India
Swami Manohar, Associate Professor, Department of Computer Science andAutomation, Indian Institute of Science
Prabhu Mohan, Association for India's Development
AC Narendran
Vijay P.Kirpalani
Amritha Raghunathan
Maithreyi Lakshmi Ratan
Jai Sen, independent researcher
Kheya Sengupta, Raman Reasearch Institute
P. S. Sensarma, Department of Electrical Engineering, India Institute of Science
Jitendra Shah, Senior Lecturer, Department of Mechanical Engineering, VJTI
Chandrika Sharma
S.A. Shivashankar, Materials Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science
Sadhana Dadhich Suniti Sr, National Alliance of People's Movements
S. Swaminathan, Indian Institute of Technology
Dr. Roopa Vajpeyi, University of Delhi
Akash
Atul Choksi, Professor, Indian Institute of Science
Arnab Rai Choudhuri, Associate Professor, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science
K. Gopinath, Assistant Professor, Computer Science & Automation, Indian Institute of Science

IRELAND
John McSweeney, School of Oriental and African Studies (London)

ITALY
Shaul Bassi, Ca'Foscari University of Venice
Pinuccia Caracci
Marzia Casolari
Maurizio DeZordo
Alfredo Gamba
Sarah Giarmoleo
Gabriella Olivero
Ornella Perazzolo
Tiziana Ripepi
Sergio Sargiotto
Michelguglielmo Torri, Associate Professor, Department of PoliticalStudies, University of Turin

JAPAN
Adam Hammick, Ohira-maci

NEW ZEALAND
Bob Jones
Yvonne Jones
Todd Nachowitz, School For International Training

SINGAPORE
Dr. Geetha Ramaswami, Nayang Technological University

SLOVAKIA
Juraj Krivosik

SOUTH AFRICA
Patrick Bond, Professor, Graduate School of Public and DevelopmentManagement, University of Witwatersrand
Bryan Davies, Freshwater Research Unit, University of Cape Town
Kate Jagoe-Davies
Karen Sack
Kate Snaddon, Freshwater Research Unit, University of Cape Town

UK
Willy Kitchen, University of Sheffield
Helen Coates
Dr. Mike Hulme, UEA Norwich
Lyla Mehta, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex
Satoshi Miyamura, School of Oriental and African Studies
Jon Pattenden, School of Oriental and African Studies
Dina Skatvedt Rygg
Supriya Satyanarayana, University of Cambridge
Subir Sinha, University Of London
Derrick Slater, agriculturalist, K.W.& D. Slater
Georgia Spyri, Plymouth Marine Laboratory
Kate Warwick

USA
Gautam Advani
Vikram S. Adve, Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science,University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Raghavan Anand, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science,University of California at Berkeley
Vijay Anand
Christopher T. Arata
LS Aravinda, University of Wisconsin
Subramanya Sastry, Asha-Madison, University of Wisconsin
Ravishankar Arunachalam, Carnegie Mellon University
Nikhil Aziz, Assistant Professor, Dept of Political Science, Illinois State University
Jeff Baierlein
Padmaja Baru, Association for India's Development
Kim Berry, Humboldt State University
S.M. Bhagat
Neerja Bhatt
Raghuram Bindignavle, Association for India's Development
Scott Bonner
Judith Brown
Patricia M. Brown, New Egypt Middle School
Jack R. Brown, MD
Eric Chamberlain
Janie Cogen, University of Washington
Connie Crusha
Rohan D'Souza, Agrarian Studies Program, Yale University
Preeti Dalal
Susan Daniels, USFWS Wildlife Biologist
Neeta Deshpande
Trudy Dunham, Unity Charter School
Jim Eldon
Betsy Elfers, Jackson School of International Studies, University of Washington
Mary Ellis
Skip Ellsworth
William Fisher, Professor, Harvard University
Mary E. Fitzpatrick
Larry Fletcher
Alfred S. Fuller
Raquel Garcia
Roy Ghim
Jaideep Ghosh, University of Pittsburgh
Nandita Ghosh, Fordham University
Stefanie Goebel, University of Washington
Alan Good
Govind Gopakumar, University of Delaware
Gandhi Gopinath, Association for India's Development
Sai Manohar Gopisetty, Princeton University
Richard A. Gorringe, Ph. D.
John Grady, University of Delaware
Dr. Paul Greenough, Global Health Studies Program, University of Iowa
Diane Grieman, The Athenian School
Jean Grossholtz, Mount Holyoke College
William H. Hailer
James Hamilton, University of Pennsylvania
Linda Handshaw
John Hill
Gary Hittmeyer
Linh Huynh, University of California at Berkeley
Ashim Jain
Vinod John
S.G. Karthik
Anuja Kedia
Prashanth Khambhammettu, Department of Civil Engineering, Virginia Tech
Lori King
Rebecca M. Klenk, University of Tennessee
Indu Krishnaswmy, Association for India's Development-Columbia
Monika Kumar
Supriya Kumar, Association for India's Development/Carnegie Mellon University
Srilatha Kuntumalla
Guy R. Lanza, Professor of Microbiology and Director of EnvironmentalSciences Program, University of Massachusetts at Amherst
Sangeeta Luthra, Marion L. Brittain Fellow, College of Literature,Communications and Culture, Georgia Institute of Technology
Pramod Malatkar, Virginia Tech
Ben Manski, University of Wisconsin
Ravisankar Mattipalli, Virginia Tech
Jamie M. McCarthy, Bridgewater State College
Dayanita McCutcheon
Eric McCutcheon
Purnima McCutcheon
Arul Menezes
Raza Mir, Assistant Professor of Management/Marketing, School of BusinessAdministration, Monmouth University
Angela Mo, Free the Planet!
Mark R. Mortensen
Patricia Murray
Yesha Naik
Kathy Najmzadeh
Ambar Narayan
Tulika Narayan
Sudharsan Narayanan, Association for India's Development-Portland chapter
Ajit Natarajan
Carol H. Okstel
Harinandini Paramahamsan, Case Western Reserve University
John R. Pedersen
Teresa D. Pedersen
Dr. Kavita Philip, Georgia Institute of Technology
Kavita Prakash-Mani, World Resources Institute
Nagini Prasad, Association for India's Development
Sarah Prichard, University of Washington
Robert Puca
Yesenia Pumarada-Cruz
Anu Raghavan, Tufts Medical School
Sreenevasan Ranganathan, Association for India's Development
Priya Ranjan
Vikram Rayabhari, Ohio State University
David Reed
Jill Replogle
Robert E. Rutkowski
Liane Salgado
Bavan Sam
Manoj Saranathan
Laurel Schaider, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering,University of California at Berkeley
Dr. D. Sengupta, Indian Institute of Science/Princeton University
Kalpa Shah, Columbia University
Krupal Shah, Yale University
Prithvi R. Sharma, MD
Stuart A. Sherman
Animesh Sinha, Association for India's Development, USC School of Medicine
Gretel Smith, Goucher College
Sunil V. Somalwar, Associate Professor, Department of Physics andAstronomy, Rutgers University
Michael Stanley-Jones
Billy Stern, Sunflower Consulting
Kripa Sundar
Neil Tangri
Deeptha Thattai, Association for India's Development
Uday Turaga, Department of Energy and Geo-Environmental Engineering,Pennsylvania State University
Aniruddha Vaidya
George Varghese
M. Jeanne Veatch, Vermont Law School
Kirankumar Vissa
Amanda Vollmer
Karla Walter, University of Wisconsin
Al Weeks
Seth Wenger, Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia
Sasha Wright
Daphne Wysham, Institute for Policy Studies
Jessica Wysocki
Ellie Young