| NBA Press Release
|| 02 July 2009
Jabalpur High Court stays land acquisition in Omkareshwar & ISP canal work
62, Mahatma Gandhi Road,
Madhya Pradesh - 451551
Jabalpur High Court orders interim status quo in land acquisition and excavation work in Omkareshwar and Indira Sagar Canals
Holds the land acquisition process is inconsistent with the Constitution and PESA Act, 1996
The Madhya Pradesh High Court Bench of Chief Justice Shri A.K. Patnaik and Shri P.K. Jaiswal today unequivocally judged the work of land acquisition and canal excavation for Omkareshwar and Narmada Sagar (ISP) canals of two giant dams mainly on the grounds that the Provisions of Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act 1996, enacted in pursuance of Article 243 of the Constitution is not executed and consultation of Gram Sabhas has not been done.
The Hon'ble Bench of the Chief Justice of M.P. thereby ordered through an interim judgement, a STATUS QUO on all work related to excavation on canals and acquisition of lands of the farmers in the Narmada valley.
The Judgement refers to Article 243 M-4(b) of the Constitution which gives powers to the Parliament to pass any law that would extend Article 243 and Part IX of the Constitution to scheduled areas with modifications and exceptions, if any. The PESA Act, 1996 that was brought under this had the non-negotiable features including Clause 4 (i), making the Gram Sabha consultation once before land acquisition and again before resettlement and rehabilitation as mandatory. The same was, therefore, to be reflected in the ameondments to the state level Panchatyat Raj Act. However, the Madhya Pradesh amendment to the M.P. Panchayati Raj Evam Gram Swaraj Adhiniyam, 1997 did not reflect the said mandatory provisions.
The Judgement therefore considers this as ultra vires of the Constitution. It also refers to the cost incurred on these canal projects and contracts engaged which was brought out by the Counsels for Respondents, but states that if no corrective actions is taken and intervention made at this point there would be further wastage, since, if it is proved that the Constitution is violated, then all the lands acquisitioned will have to returned back to the original owners.
The judgement was delivered today at Jabalpur after hearing the counsels for the GoMP and NVDA Mr. V.K. Shulkla and Advocate Ravish Agarwal as also Smt. Medha Patkar for the petitioners on behalf of Narmada Bachao Andolan. Advocate on record is Mr. Raghavendra Kumar. The Respondents have been directed to file detailed reply by the 31st of July, 2009 and the matter has been posted to the 4th of August for further hearing.
This interim judgment is indeed a historic milestone in the decades long struggle of adivasis to actualize their right to be consulted in the development planning process, through their participation in the Gram Sabhas, reflecting the true democratic mandate of the Indian Constitution, incorporated through the 73rd amendment in 1992 and PESA Act in 1996 and will pave the way for a truly democratic and sustainable development.Shrikanth, Ashish Mandloi, Bheeluram Yadav