|Books||World Bank Involvement|
|Audio||Arundhati Roy's Greater Common Good|
|Images||PM-Medha Patkar correspondence|
|Interviews||Debates involving Arundhati Roy|
|Alternatives||Supreme Court Case|
|Relevant links||Narmada skit|
World Bank Involvement
At a point when the Ministry of Environments and Forests in India was unwilling to clear the Sardar Sarovar Project, the World Bank enabled the project to start with a loan of $450 million. After a massive campaign against the Bank's role in the project and its violation of its own guidelines, the Bank appointed an (unprecedented) Independent Commission to review the project. Instead of suggesting minor changes and adjustments, the commission recommended that the Bank withdraw from the project. The Bank finally had to bow to international pressure and quit the project. Read about the story behind the Bank's role in the SSP in the chapter on Narmada in Masters of Illusion : The World Bank and the Poverty of Nations" by Catherine Caufield.
Arundhati Roy's essay: The Greater Common Good
In 1999, writer Arundhati Roy wrote a celebrated essay, Greater Common Good in which she brilliantly vivisects the politics behind the Sardar Sarovar Project. The essay resulted in a great deal of discussion in the media.
In response to this essay, activist Gail Omvedt
wrote an open letter to Arundhati Roy in which she critiqued the
Narmada Bachao Andolan. This letter attracted many critical responses.
Gail Omvedt's open letter and responses
About a year later, environmental historian Ramachandra Guha critiqued Arundhati Roy's style and her politics. This article also attracted many responses including one from Arundhati herself.
Alternatives to Sardar Sarovar Project
Several alternatives to the large, centralised Sardar Sarovar Project have been proposed. Some material on these issues can be found in our ALTERNATIVES section.
The movement against Sardar Sarovar gained immensely when noted social worker, Baba Amte added his moral support to the cause. To voice his protest against the dam, Baba moved to the banks of the Narmada and has vowed to drown there rather than move. Read about his fascinating life in Rajni Bakshi's recent book, "Bapu Kuti : Journeys In The Rediscovery Of Gandhi". Baba Amte's Vanaprastha.
Baba Amte was awarded the Gandhi Peace Prize in 1999. On the occasion of conferring the award to Baba Amte, President K.R.Narayanan made this speech.
Prime Minister's letter to Medha Patkar
In September, '99 while Narmada satyagrahis were in jail (this detention was determined to be illegal by the Courts), the Prime Minister of India, A B Vajpayee wrote a letter to Medha Patkar, one of the key activists of the Narmada Bachao Andolan.
Articles and interviews
Interview with Medha Patkar by Sonya Thimmaiah; Bangalore, May 6th, 2001
Arundhati Roy interview by David Barsamian; The Progressive, April 2001
Before the Flood; Arundhati Roy; The Amicus Journal
Articles by Jai Sen on the Narmada Struggle and its Significance
- Interview with Medha Patkar by Venu Govindu (August 9, 1999)
- Interview with Arundhati Roy (October 29, 2000)
An Interview with Keshav Bhai
(Keshav Bhai is an adivasi (tribal) NBA activist from Nimgavan village in Maharashtra.)
Why People Oppose Dams:
HTML version (77 KB);
Microsoft Word version (116 KB)
Vinod Raina (Eklavya/All India People's Science Network)
- "You need a thorn to remove a thorn"; Interview with Medha Patkar by Dilip D'Souza (December 31, 1995)
- Rediff chat with Medha Patkar
- Mark Lynas of OneWorld interviews Medha Patkar (Real Audio)
- Activists fight building of Narmada dam in India Interview on Pacifica Radio with Medha Patkar and Patrick McCully
- The World Bank's Dam Business; Interview on Pacifica Radio: Carlos Chen; Venu Govindu; Aviva Imhof; Maninder Gill
- On the AID trail: Inside Rural Development; Report of a trip to the Narmada Valley by Venkatesh G.Rao
Narmada Control Authority
(The Apex Body for Building Dams in the Narmada Valley)
- Sardar Sarovar Nigam Ltd (Dam Builder's web site)
- Shri Maheshwar Hydel Power Corporation (Dam Builder's web site)
- International Rivers Network
- South Asian Network on Dams, Rivers and People
- World Commission on Dams
- OneWorld's Narmada campaign
- Goldman Environmental Prize Page
- Right Livelihood Award Page
- The Lipovce Declaration on Watershed Management