TOWARDS AN ENERGY-SELF SUFFICIENT VILLAGE:

ENERGY SURVEY, VILLAGE SULGAON

 

Information collected from the survey.

        Sources of energy of the family and the village: production, purchase and collection.

        Consumption and use of energy of the families and the village.

        Unutilised energy available in the village .(Surplus).

 

Total no of families in the village: 320

No. of families involved in the survey: 146

Name of the area in the village where the survey was conducted: Purana Sulgaon.


DETAILS OF THE VILLAGE:

 

Village: Sulgaon

Tehsil: Maheshwar

District: Khargone ( M.P.)

Total families in the village: 320 (landowners 240)

(landless 80)

Primary occupations : -Farming

-Labour(farming, collecting sand from the riverbed)

-Fishing

-Small industries

Main crops:

 

Kharif

Rabi

Cotton

Wheat

Sugarcane

Gram

Soyabean

 

Tuar

 

 

 

Total irrigated land : 95%

 

Non-irrigated land : 5%

 

Sources of irrigation - River : 70%

- Well : 30%


SOURCES OF ENERGY PRODUCTION IN THE VILLAGE

( HOW MUCH & FROM WHICH SOURCE).

 

 

In 1 year.

 

 

Sources of Energy

Total Quantity

Cow Dung

24,437 Quintals

Kathi

12,262 Quintals

Wood

800 Quintals

Kerosene

52,260 Litres

Electricity

20,38,820 Units

Petrol

16,790 Litres

Diesel

21,900 Litres

 


I.                   Production, Use and Surplus of Cowdung in a year

(in quintals).

 

 

Total families

No. of members

No. of animals

Collection in the house

Forest collection

Total collection

146

1296

885

22612

1825

24437

 

 

     Average production:Approximately 7 kilos per animal per day.

 

 

 

Total gobar gas plants

Total Consumption (In quintals)

Surplus

(In quintals)

through gobar gas

through cowdung cakes

Total cowdung

32

1752

5401

7153

17284


II.                Yearly Production, Consumption & Surplus of Cotton & Tuar- Kathi (Crop Residue).

 

( In quintals)

 

Total families

Total cultivable land (acres)

Production of Kathi

Consumption of Kathi

Balance Kathi

146

764

12262

4732

7530

 

 

     Kathi production 18 quintals per acre.

 

 

III.             Yearly Collection, Consumption and Saving of Wood

( in quintals).

 

 

River-Forest collection

Consumption

Surplus

800

800

0

 

 

IV.              Collection, Consumption and Savings of Energy in the Village

( in tons)

 

 

Energy sources

Collection

Consumption

Surplus

Cowdung

2443.7

715.3

1728.4

Kathi

1226.2

473.1

753.0

Wood

80.0

80.0

0.0

Waste

400.0

0.0

400.0

 


Uses of Energy in the village.

 

A.     Consumption of Electricity : By Households

 

 

Total No. of Families

Bulb

Fan

Tube-light

Total Units

 

146

25W

40W

60W

100W

Total

 

 

 

85

135

90

35

345

222

109

12,70,20

 

 

B. Consumption of Electricity : By Irrigation Pumps.

 

 

Total Pumps

3

(HP)

5

(HP)

7.5

(HP)

10

(HP)

12.5

(HP)

15

(HP)

20

(HP)

Total

HP

Total Units*

96

30

21

11

17

11

5

1

708

18,78,600

 

 

* 8946 units are consumed every day.

The pumps are used for an approximate of 210 days.

 


C. Yearly Consumption of Electricity and Liquid Fuels : By implements used in Small Scale Industries

 

 

Number

Diesel

(litre)

Petrol

(litre)

Electricity

(units)

Kerosene

(litres)

Motorcycle

46

 

16790

 

 

Tractor

6

21900

 

 

 

Wheat Grinding Mill

1

 

 

13140

 

Jaggery Producing Factory

2

 

 

20000

 

Cooking

146

 

 

 

52561

Total Use

21900

16790

33140

52561

 

* The jaggery producing factory is in operation for an approximate of a 100 days in a year.

 


YEARLY CONSUMPTION OF ENERGY IN THE VILLAGE

 

Total Families : 146

 

Total Members : 1296

 

For Food and Water

Electricity Consumption in the Household

Electricity Consumption in Irrigation

Small Scale Industr-ies

Cowdung (quin-tals)

Kathi (quin-tals)

Wood (quin-tals)

Kero-sene (litres)

Total imple-ments

Total Consu-mption

Total Pumps

Total HP

Total Units

 

Cowdung Cakes : 5401

Gobar Gas : 1752

4731

800

52561

Bulb : 345

Fan : 222

Tube-light : 109

127020

96

708

1878660

33140

 

 

        HP= HorsePower.

 

 

 


POSSIBILITIES OF ENERGY AND ELECTRICITY CONSERVATION

 

Conservation of Energy in Irrigation

 

Present consumption of electricity in irrigation : 18,78,600 units.

 

1.      If metering is done . . . . . .. . . 20% saving

After conservation utilisation of electricity will be. . . . . 15,28,800 units.

 

2. If the efficiency of the pumps and pipes is improved upon ... 20% saving

Electricity Consumption will become . . . . . . . . . 12,02,300 units.

 

3. If there is better use of water through better farming practices.. 15% saving

(Better crop rotation and growth of manure crops to consolidate the soil)

Electricity Consumption will become . . . . . . . . 10,22,000 units.

 

Production of Electricity from Kathi (Tuar-Cotton Crop residue)

 

        Present conservation of Kathi 753 tons

        Electricity generation from this 753/1.2 = 6,27,500 units

        If the entire village uses cowdung for cooking, 12262 tons of kathi would be available, electricity generation will be 12262/1.2=10,21,800 units.

        52,261 litres of kerosene will be conserved.

 

Conservation in Energy Consumption in Households

 

Conservation of 15% would be achieved with the use of Tubes and CFL.

 


DEMAND AND SUPPLY OF ELECTRICITY

 

Total consumption of electricity : 20,38,820 units.

 

 

Unit

Percentage (%)

Household

1,27,020

6.23

Small Scale Industries

33,140

1.62

Farm Pumps

18,78,660

92.14

 

Total Consumption Total Possible Conservation Total Needs

20,38,820 - 8,75,653* = 11,63,167 units.

 

* Possible saving of 856600 units from farm pumps.

Possible saving of 19053 units through household conservation.

 

        Possible electricity generation from Kathi 1021800 units.

 


INFERENCES AND INSIGHTS

 

         Only 29% of the available cowdung is used. The entire village can cook with the balance 71%.

? What would the distribution or sale process of excess gobar gas to non gobar gas

owners be - Flat Rate ?

- Hours Used?

 

         All the kathi can be used to generate 1021800 units electricity.

 

? Labourers are given kathi free of cost today, how would use of Kathi for electricity production affect them?

 

         400 tons of waste can also be brought into use for electricity generation.

 

- Cowdung and waste can be converted into natural fertilizer. this is also an important non-electricity usage.

 

         Electricity will be conserved through metering of irrigation pump system by 20%, through pump improvement by 20% and through reduced irrigation with better farming practices by 15%.

 

Thus 856600 units of electricity conservation would be possible.

 

 

It is clear that Sulgaon can be self-sufficient with reference to electricity.

 

 

*Possible Self- Sufficiency : Some Suggestions

 

 

v           Apart from electricity, several important sources of energy like kathi, gobar, wood are available in large quantities in Sulgaon. It is clear that electricity is not the only source of energy.

 

v           Conservation of energy and alternate generation in Sulgaon would save 40 lakh units now coming in from the state grid.

 

There are three other sources of energy generation in Sulgaon.

 

1.       The river at Sulgaon falls from a height of 45 feet before joining the Narmada which has water till December. This can be used to generate electricity for six months. Stop dams on the upstream would improve the command area and the river could be kept alive the year round.

 

2.       There is an approximate of 200 acres of government grazing land in Sulgaon. This can be used to make 2000 tons of biogas and to generate MW electricity.